Thursday, February 24, 2011

Ficus glomerata - Udumbara - അത്തി


Botanical Name :
Ficus glomerata Roxb.
Ficus racemosa

Family : 
Moraceae

Vernacular Names :
Malayalam : Aththi - അത്തി
English : Cluster fig, Country fig, Gular fig 
Sanskrit : Udumbara, Krimiphala, Jantuphala, Sevya, Apushpa phalasambandha, 
                 Audumbaram, Brahmavriksha, Haritaksha, Hema dugdha, Sheta valkala, 
                 Yajnaphala 
Hindi : Umar, Gular
Bengali : Dumar, Jaagya dhuma, Jajna dumur
Tamil : Atti, Aththi
Gujarathi : Gudar, Umar, Umbara,Umbari
Kannada : Atti
Telugu : Bodda, Paidi, Udumbaramu, Brahma vedhi, Aththi
Marathi : Umbara 



Plant Description : 
Spreading laticiferous tree, 9.0-12.2 m tall, bark reddish grey, smooth. 
Leaves alternate, stipules ovate-Ianceolate, pubescent, 1.25-2.5 cm long, petioles 2.5-5.0 cm long, lamina simple membranous, ovate to obovate-oblong or lanceolate, 10-18 cm long, dark green, glabrous or softly pubescent above while lower surface pubescent or glabrous;.
Fruits borne in clusters on the main trunk and leafless short branches, subglobose or pyriform, 2.5-5.0 cm in diameter, red when ripe.

Chemical Composition :  
Bark : ceryl behenati gluanol-OAc, lupeol and its α-OAc, β-amyrin, β-sitosterol.
Leaf : β-amyrin, β-sitosterol, gluanol-OAc
Fruit : lupeol-OAc, gluanol-OAc, glucose, hentriacontane, β-sitosterol, a sterol, ester of taraxasterol, tiglic acid.

Rasaadhi Gunaas :
Rasa : Kashaayam, Madhuram
Guna : Guru, Rooksham
Veeryam : Sheeetham
Vipakam : Katu


Useful Parts :
Root
Bark
Leaves
Fruits
Latex 


Indications :
01. Kapha Pitha hara
02. Skin diseases
03. Diarrhea
04. Hemorrhage
05. Menorrhagia
06. Constipation
07. Hemorrhoids 
08. Urinary system diseases
09. Blood purifier
10. Reduces Urinary sugar in Diabetes
11. Visha hara
12. Kushta
13. Vrannam

2 comments:

നിങ്ങളുടെ വിമര്‍ശനങ്ങളും അഭിപ്രായങ്ങളും നിര്‍ദ്ദേശങ്ങളും ഇവിടെ പങ്കുവെക്കാന്‍ മറക്കരുതേ....