Friday, February 18, 2011

Elephantopus scaber - Gojivha - ആനച്ചുവടി


Botanical Name :
Elephantopus scaber L.

Family :
Asteraceae 

Vernacular Names :
Malayalam : Anayatiyan, Aana chuvadi - ആനച്ചുവടി
English : Elephant Foot, Prickly-leaved elephant's foot, Bull's Tongue, Ironweed 
Sanskrit : Go jihwikaa, Gobhi, Dhaavika, Khara parnninee, Gojivha - गोजिह्वा 
Hindi : Gobhi, Ban tambakhu - बन तम्बाखू  
Bengali : Gojiyalatha, Hasti pod - হস্ী পদ 
Tamil : Aana shavadi, Anashovadi
Gujarathi : Hasthi paadh
Kannada : Hakkarike
Telugu : Enugabira, Hasthika shaakha
Marathi : Hastipatha - हस्तीपात  



Plant Description : 
Elephant Foot is a rather coarse, rigid, erect, hairy herb 30 to 60 cm high. 
Stems forked, and stiff. 
Leaves are mostly in basal rosette and oblong-ovate to oblong-lancelike, 10-25 cm in length and often very much notched on the margins. 
Those on the stem few and much smaller. 
Purple flowers are 8-10 mm long. Each head comprises about 4 flowers. Flowering heads borne in clusters at the end of the branches and usually enclosed by 3 leaf-like bracts which are ovate to oblong-ovate, 1 to 1.5 cm long, and heart-shaped at the base. The flowering heads many-crowded in each cluster. 
Fruits are achenes, ribbed. 
Pappus from 4 to 6 mm long with rigid ristles.

Chemical Composition :  
Deoxyelephantopin, molephantinin, phantomolin, p-amyrin acetate, crepiside E. deacylcynaropicrin, 11,13-dihydrodeoxy-elephantopin, dihydroelephantopin, elephantin, elephantopin, epifriedelanol, glucozaluzanin-C, isodeoxyelephantopin, lupeol, lupeol acetate, molephantin, nudaphantin, stigmasterol, stigmasteryl 3-p-glucopyranoside. 

Rasaadhi Gunaas :
Rasa : Madhuram, Thiktham
Guna : Lakhu, Snigdham
Veeryam : Sheetham
Vipakam : Madhuram


Useful Parts :
Whole plant - Samoolam 


Indications : 
01. Vata pitta hara
02. Produces Mala bandha
03. Regulates body temperature
04. Visha hara - Poison
05. Kasa hara- cough
06. Hridhroga hara - Heart diseases
07. Dysuria
08. Diarrhoea
09. Dysentery
10. Swellings 
11. Stomach pain
12. Root is prescribed to prevent vomiting 

2 comments:

  1. ഇതുവരെ കേള്‍ക്കുകയും കാണുകയും ചെയ്യാത്ത ആന ച്ചുവടിയെ പരിചയപ്പെടുത്തിയതിനു നന്ദി

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  2. Elephantopus scaber ആദ്യമായി കേൾക്കുകയാണു - പക്ഷെ ചില Elephant go Mangoose-നെ അറിയാം

    ReplyDelete

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