Sunday, January 23, 2011

Tinospora cordifolia - Guduchi - ചിറ്റമൃത്


Botanical Name :
Tinospora cordifolia Miers.

Family :
Meninspermaceae

Vernacular Names :
Malayalam : Amrth, Chittamrth - ചിറ്റമൃത്  
English : Tinospora, Heartleaf moonseed 
Sanskrit : Gulloochi, Chinnaruha, Chinnolbhavaa, Valsaadhanee, Kundalanaa,  
                 Amrtha valli, Amrtha lathikaa, Bhishak priya, Madhu parnni,
                 Amrita, Tantrika, Kundalini, Chakralakshanika,
Guduchi
Hindi : Giloya, Guduchi, Giloy  
Bengali : Gulancha 
Tamil : Shindila kodi,Parivai, Amrthu
Gujarathi : Giloy, Galo
Kannada : Amrita balli
Telugu : Gulloochi,  Tippaa tiga
Marathi : Gulavela, Gulavel 
Punjabi : Gilo  
 

Plant Description : 
Tinospora is a big climber (glabrous) shrub generally climbs on large trees. 
It  is a twining, succulent-stemmed, fast growing with tuberous roots. 
Its branches are grey-green, up to 40 mm in diameter, becoming brown with age. 
The  leaves are heart-shaped and 100 x 100 mm.  
Its flowers are tiny creamy-greenish and male and female flowers are formed on different branches. 
It flowers in spring. 
The female flowers are followed by oval red fruit up to 10 mm in diameter. 
These ripen during summer and autumn.  
Its stems are Fleshy and roots are long thread like, aerial, arise from branches.    
Bark is thin, greyish or creamy white in colour, When peeled fleshy stem is exposed.
Its seeds are curved, pea sized.

Chemical Composition :  
Contains alkaloid – Berberine and a glucosoid – Giloin,  The active adaptogenic constituents are: diterpene compounds including tinosporone, tinosporic acid, cordifolisides A to E, syringen, the yellow alkaloid, berberine, Giloin, crude Giloininand, a gluco sidal bitter principle as well as polysaccharides, including arabinogalactan polysaccharide (TSP).
The active adaptogenic constituents are diterpene compounds including tinosporone, tinosporic acid, cordifolisides A to E,  syringen, the yellow alkaloid, berberine,  Giloin, crude Giloininand, a gluco sidal bitter principle as well as  polysaccharides, including arabinogalactan polysaccharide (TSP).

Rasaadhi Gunaas :
Rasa : Thiktham, Katu
Guna : Ushnnam, Snigdham, Lakhu
Veeryam : Ushnnam
Vipakam : Madhuram


Useful Parts :
Stem

Indications :
01. Tridoshahara - Balances vitiated Tridoshas
02. Kushtaghna - Cures skin diseases
03. Vedanastaapana - Relieves pain
04. Jwaraghna - Cures fever
05. Vrishya - Aphrodesiac
06. Rejuvenates body systems
07. Relieves thirst
08. Burning sensation
09. Vomiting tendencies
10. Jaundice
11. Regulates body temperature
12. Purifies blood
13. Graahi
14. Deepanam
15. Dhaathu poshannam
16. Vatha raktha
17. Prameha
18. Vrikka shodhaneeya

Click Here For More Medicinal Plants....

1 comment:

നിങ്ങളുടെ വിമര്‍ശനങ്ങളും അഭിപ്രായങ്ങളും നിര്‍ദ്ദേശങ്ങളും ഇവിടെ പങ്കുവെക്കാന്‍ മറക്കരുതേ....