Monday, January 17, 2011

Sphaeranthus indicus - Hapusha - അടക്കാ മണിയന്‍


Botanical Name :
Sphaeranthus indicus Lin

Family :
Asteraceae

Vernacular Names :
Malayalam : Adakkaa mannian - അടക്കാ മണിയന്‍ 
English : East Indian Globe Thistle, Indian sphaeranthus
Sanskrit : Hapusha, Munda, Bhikshu, Shraavanni, Thapodhana, 
                 Shravanna sheershikaa,Mundi, Sravani, Alambusha, 
                 kadambapushpi,  Mahamundi - महामुंडी  
Hindi : Chhagul - nudi,  Gorakhmundi -  गोरखमुंडी
Bengali : Murmuriya - মুরমুরিযা
Tamil : Kottak aranthai, Vishnnu karandai 
Gujarati : Gorakhmundi  -  ગોરખમુંડી
Kannada : Mundi -  ಮುಂಡೀ
Telugu : Boddatarapu,   boddasoramu,  Bhodha thaara choochettu 
Marathi : Gorakhmundi - गोरखमुंडी
Urdu : Kamdaryus
Punjabi : ghundi, khamadrus


Plant Description : 
East Indian globe thistle is a much branched, strongly-scented annual herb with winged stem and the wings toothed. Alternately arranged obovate-oblong leaves are narrowed at the base, dentate and serrate, 1-3 cm long. Flowers occur in purple spherical heads, 8-15 mm, consisting of numerous tiny flowers. Flowers are purple and the stamens pale-purple. 
Flowering: October-January.

Chemical Composition :  
Methyl chavicol, a-ionone, d-cadinene, p-methoxy cinnamaldehyde as major constituents and a-terpinene,citral, geraniol, geranyl acetate, b-ionene, sphaerene as minor constituents of essential oil have been identified.

Rasaadhi Gunaas :
Rasa : Katu, Thiktham
Guna : Rooksham, Theekshnnam, Lakhu
Veeryam : Ushnnam
Vipakam : Katu

Useful Parts :  
Whole plant - Samoolam

Indications : 
01. Kapha vata hara
02. Deepanam
03. Blood purifier
04. Raktha sthambanam
05. Increases the strength of Nadis
06. Epilepsy
07. Migraine
08. Jaundice
09. Fever
10. Cough
11. Hemorrhoids
12. Helminthiasis
13. Skin diseases 
14. It is a Nervine tonic
15. Laxative
16. Insanity
17. Tuberculosis
18. Indigestion
19. Bronchitis

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