Thursday, January 27, 2011

Nerium indicum - Karaveeram - അരളി


Botanical Name :
Nerium indicum Mill. 
Thevetia nereifolia Juss.
Thevetia peruviana Schum. 

Family :
Apocynaceae

Vernacular Names :
Malayalam : Kanaveeram, Karaveeram, Aralli - അരളി 
English : Indian oleander, Red oleander  
Sanskrit : Kara veera, Ashwagna, Ashwamaara, Haya maaraka
Hindi : Kaner, Kaneer, Karber 
Bengali : Karavee
Tamil : Aralli
Gujarathi : Kaner
Kannada : Kanagillu
Telugu : Ganeru 
Punjabi : Kaner
Chinese : Jia zhu tao



Plant Description : 
These are evergreen flowering shrubs that are found wild in the Orient. 
They can grow up to 20 feet tall. 
All parts of this plant are poisonous if eaten. 
They are great for cultivating outdoors in the far South. 
The leaves are dark green, leathery and lance-shaped; they average 6 inches in length and 1 inch wide with numerous horizontal nerves.
Fruit is cylindric, paired, with deep linear striations, 15-20 cm long. 
Seeds are numerous and compressed, with a tuft of fine, shining, white, silky hairs. 
The flowers bloom in clusters at the ends of the shoots in the summer. 
They have a tubular base, but open out at the tips. They may be single, semi-double or double, and come in red, apricot, pink or white. They usually begin to bloom from March to May and continue until autumn. The Oleander, as this plant is commonly called, requires a minimum winter temperature of 45 degrees.

Chemical Composition :  
Its roots contain glycosided, neriodorin, neriodorein, and karabin. The bark contains scopoletin, scopolin. Besides this it contains tannins, red coloring matter, a aromatic oil, wax and flobefin and a yellow colored stable oil. It also contains oleandrin. It contains neriodin, nerium D, rutin and anhydro-oleandrin. The roots contain bitter glycosides, fenolinic acid and a aromatic oil. It also possesses Potassium salts in excess.

Rasaadhi Gunaas :

Rasa : Katu, Thiktham, Kashayam
Guna : Lakhu, Rooksham, Theekshnnam
Veeryam : Ushnnam
Vipakam : Katu


Useful Parts : 
Root 
Root bark
Leaf

Indications :
01. Kapha hara 
02. Skin related problems
03. Wounds
04. Heart related problems
05. Blood impurity
06. Arthritis
07. Asthma
08. Cough
09. Kidney problems
10. Fever
11. Dysurea
12. Indigestion
13. Renal calculi
14. Inflammation  
15. Anthelmintic
16. Aphrodisiac
17. Joint pains
18. Anticancer properties
19. Used as a rat poison and an insecticide
20. Helps in maintaining the normal body temperature.

Oleander Poisoning :
All parts of the oleander plant are poisonous. 
Caution children not to put any part of it into their mouths. 
Dispose of any trimmings carefully. 
Never burn the stems as they will emit an extremely irritating smoke.

Symptoms of Oleander Poisoning :
01. Blurred vision
02. Diarrhea
03. Nausea
04. Stomach pain
05. Vomiting
06. Slow heart beat
07. Weakness
08. Confusion
09. Dizziness
10. Fainting
11. Headache 

Oleander Poisoning can be Fatal :
Poisoning and reactions to Oleander plants are evident quickly, requiring immediate medical care in suspected or known poisonings of both humans and animals . 
Induced vomiting and gastric lavage are protective measures to reduce absorption of the toxic compounds. Charcoal may also be administered to help absorb any remaining toxins. Further medical attention may be required and will depend on the severity of the poisoning and symptoms.

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2 comments:

  1. ബ്ലഡ്‌ ഉണ്ടാവാന്‍ എന്താണ് കഴിക്കേണ്ടത്‌
    ഡോക്ടറെ

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    1. Ask Me വിഭാഗത്തില്‍ പോസ്റ്റിയാല്‍ മതിയായിരുന്നു...:)

      പ്രായം തൂക്കം, ഉയരം തുടങ്ങിയ കാര്യങ്ങള്‍ അറിയാതെ മരുന്ന് പറയുന്നത് പാപമാണ്(പാടില്ല എന്ന് ശാസ്ത്രം)..:)

      വേറെ പ്രശ്നം ഒന്നും ഇല്ലെങ്കില്‍
      1. Draksharishtam + Lohasavm - 25 ml വീതം മൂന്നു നേരം ഭക്ഷണ ശേഷം.
      2. Drakshadhi Lehyam - 2 ടീസ്പൂണ്‍ വീതം 3 നേരവും ഭക്ഷണ ശേഷം കഴിക്കുക.

      ഇവ സാധാരണഗതിയില്‍ ഉപയോഗിക്കുന്ന മരുന്ന് ആണ്.

      കറുത്ത ഉണക്ക മുന്തിരി പതിവായി കഴിക്കുന്നതും നല്ലതാണ്...

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നിങ്ങളുടെ വിമര്‍ശനങ്ങളും അഭിപ്രായങ്ങളും നിര്‍ദ്ദേശങ്ങളും ഇവിടെ പങ്കുവെക്കാന്‍ മറക്കരുതേ....