Wednesday, January 19, 2011

Aconitum heterophyllum - Athi visha - അതിവിടയം


Botanical Name :
Aconitum heterophyllum Wall.

Family :
Ranunculaceae

Vernacular Names :
Malayalam : Athi vidayam - അതിവിടയം
English :  Aconite, Indian Atees 
Sanskrit : Athi visha, Kashmeera, Prathi vishaa, Arannyaa, Shringikam, Mahoushadha,
                 Visha roopa, Amrithaa, Shwetha vachaa, Arunaa, Shuklakanda, 

                 Bhangura, Ghunapriya, Ghunavallabha,  Shishubhaishajya, Vishwaa, 
                 Ardra, Upavisa, Kasaya, Krsna,Candri, Visama, Sukakanda, 
                 Sringika, Syamakanda, Bhangura, Madri, Mrdvi, Pithavallabha,
Hindhi : Athis, Athichaa, Atis, Atvika
Bengali : Ataich, Athaich 
Tamil : Athi vidayam
Gujarati : Ativakhani Kali     
Kannada : Ativisa  
Telugu : Ativisa, Ati Vasa    
Marathi : Ativish  
Persian : Vajjeturki

Punjabi : Atis
Kashmiri : Hongisafed




Plant Description :
An erect stemmed herbaceous plant grow upto 55 cm in height. Leaves more or less heteromorphous, varying shape and size; flowers in leafy panicle, blue or violet; fruits follicles, 16-18 mm long; seeds obpyramidal, blackish brown, angles more or less winged. Roots tuberous, whitish or grey, smooth, cross-section pure white in which 2-6 blackish vascular supplies are seen arranged in a discontinuous ring, cylindric-oblong or conic, upto 2.5 cm long and 0.5 - 1.5 cm thick; breaks very easily and tastes very bitter.


Chemical Composition :
Atidine,hetisine,heteratisine,Diterpene alkaloids,heterophylline,heterophylline,heterophyllidine heterophyllisine,hetidine,atidine, Atisenol,a new entatisene diterpenoid lactone from roots.    
F-dishydrcatisine, hetidine, hetisinone, heteratisine, hetisine, benzylleteratisine, 

beta - sitosterol, carotene and 3 — isoatisine from rhizomes.

Rasaadhi Gunaas :
Rasa : Thiktham, Katu
Guna : Lakhu, Rooksham
Veeryam : Ushnnam
Vipakam : Katu
Prabhava : Visa hara


Useful Parts :  
Underground stem
Root - Rhizome

Indications : 
01. Kapha Pitha hara 
02. Aama pachana
03. Agni maandhya hara 
04. Krimi hara
05. Visha hara 
06. Arshas
07. Yakrth roga
08. Jwara
09. Sexual stimulant
10. Appetizer
11. Indigestion
12. Hemorrhoids
13. Inflammation
14. Reduces Obesity
15. Pediatrics problems 
16. Analgesic 
17. Liver disorders
18. Diarrhoea
19. Nausea
20. Vomiting
21. Throat pain
22. Cough 

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1 comment:

  1. thanks for giving more information about aconitum napellus flower sir
    it is more useful for my project as well as it is more accurate sir thanks for your information sir
    Aconitum Napellus

    ReplyDelete

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