Thursday, December 30, 2010

Hair fall or Alopecia

    
The loss of hair while combing, washing or sometimes while sleeping, on pillows and bed can be ascertained as a problem of hair fall.
Hair, like human beings, has a life-cycle. 
Every hair that grows must fall out one day. 
New hair will grow at the same place, after some time.
There is a natural balance between the rate at which hair falls and the rate at which new hair grows. 
Any disturbance in this balance can result in an emotionally discomforting condition of either an excess fallout of hair or hairiness all over the body.
Now-a-days, excess loss of hair is very common. 
It happens for various reasons such as emotional and physical stress of city life, local scalp infection, adverse drug reaction, hormonal imbalances during teenage and pregnancy, etc. 
It is normal to shed from 50 to 80 strands of hair a day. 
It is normal for each of those hair to be replaced by the hard-working follicles. 
On any given day, about 90% hair are in the growing stage. This period lasts for about 1000 days. 
10% hair are in the resting stage which lasts for about 100 days before the follicles eventually grow out.
Interestingly, the fall-out occurs mostly in the morning. This fact remains unexplained.
The length of hair is an important factor in hair loss. 
The four-inch long hair, loses on an average 87 hairs a day; the 12-inch long hair loses about 26 hairs a day; and 20-inch plus long hair loses as little as 16 hairs a day on an average. The longer the hair, the less is the hair loss.

Hair grows on an average of 6 inches a year, and shortfall in the normal hair growth is accompanied with a hair loss too.  
Alopecia :
 
Technically, an unnatural excess fall out of hair, temporary or permanent, is called  Alopecia.  

It is caused by the following reasons :

 

01. Heriditary :
The kind of hair we have whether it is thick, thin, fine, sparse, straight or curly - depends a great deal on the genes inherited. 

The problems concerning hair loss are also passed on from the parents to the offspring. Diabetes and thyroid disorders are two real threats to healthy hair. 
Falling hair are also often directly inherited.


02. Trauma :
The result of physical stress on the hair is called Traction Alopecia. 

This can be caused by tying up the hair in too tight chignon style, ponytails, or pigtails. 
The prolonged and continuing pull-like pressure on the hair can result in spot baldness.
Spot baldness is also caused due to trauma or sudden shock experienced. 
A severe blow to the head may lead to spot baldness where the blow is received. 

03. Local Scalp Infection :
Bacterial, viral or fungal infections can cause spot fall out of hair. It can, however, be treated.

04. Diseases :
Internal disorders and infections which cause high fever such as flu, pneumonia and typhoid are often accompanied by excessive hair loss.
 


05. Chemicals or Drugs :

Antibiotics and a durg called Cortizone administered sometimes in treating acne and scars lead to hair loss. 

Chemical therapies given in serious diseases such as cancer, cause the excess fall out of hair.


06. Emotional or Environmental Stress :

People unable to cope with pressures of life, all the time worrying about the problems at work place or home, having most of their emotional conflicts unresolved, are easy victims of excess hair loss.


With the tension in their minds, the muscles in the scalp and neck constrict. 
The blood circulation is thereby impeded, resulting in the suffocation of the hair follicles.
To prevent the consequential excess hair loss, massage to loosen up the scalp is an excellent remedy.


07. Hormonal Imbalances :

Hormonal imbalances are the primary cause of most serious hair loss conditions. Pregnancy, contraception with birth control pills and menopause are the common conditions that induce hormonal changes.



08. Pregnancy :

Generally, the hair condition improves during pregnancy as the endocrine glands function at their peak.


The hair loss occurs only after the birth of the baby. 
This happens due to irregularity in the functioning of thyroid glands. 
It can be attributed to the change in the life style - the new unaccustomed life with the baby.
The normal hair loss after delivery happens four months after birth and continues for about two months.


09. Birth Control Pills :

If a woman in perfect health with normal weight, having regular periods, eating sensibly and physically active, uses the pill for contraceptive reasons, she can expect the problem of hair loss. 

Taking the pill can alter her perfect hormonal balance.
In contrast if, however, a woman who is already suffering from hormonal imbalance takes the pill, it can restore the balance and promote hair growth. 


10. Menopause :
One of the problems of menopause is that the production of the female hormone estrogen slows down. This results in weak, dry hair and an excess fall out in one out of two women. 

11. Dandruff :
Sometimes the hair fall is due to dandruff in the hairs



Ayurvedic view :

Ayurveda describes alopecia by use of terms such as Indralupt, Khalitya and Ruhya.

When there is a sudden loss of hair, it is considered as Indralupt, while a long term hair loss is termed as Khatilya. 

It is believed that indralupt generally affects beard, while khatilya affects the scalp and when the entire body is affected, it is called Ruhya. 

Causes : 
01. Commen in Pitha predominant persons.
02. Excess consumption of Lavana rasa (salt).
03. Excess exposure to water, dust, sunlight or other pollutants.
04. Excess sweating.
05. Bad sleeping habits.
06. Diseases.
07. Anxiety.
08. Depression.
09. Insomnia.
10. Unhealthy life style. 


Treatment :
The most important aspect of any treatment is the correct diagnosis. 
Unless it is well determined by observing the physical characteristics and studying the other causes for hair loss, the treatments given may not work efficaciously.  

Classical Preparations :
01. Chyavanapraasham
02. Narasimha Rasayana
03. Brahma Rasayan
04. Bringarajasav
05. Thriphaladhi Coconut oil
06. Neeli Keram
07. Bringamalakadhi Coconut oil
08. Neelibringaadhi Coconut oil
09. Anu Thailam - For Nasya
10. Chemparuthyadhi Coconut oil

Do's and Dont's :
1. Use a soft brush with well-spaced bristles.
2. Sanitise your implements, i.e. brushes, combs, etc. atleast once a week.
3. Take iron tablets in case you are anaemic.
4. Improve the protein content of your diet.
5. Take birth control pills with a prescription.
6. Avoid spicy food

Some Common Remedies :
1. മൈലാഞ്ചി ഇല അരച്ച് ഉണക്കി വെളിച്ചെണ്ണയില്‍  കാച്ചി തേക്കുക.
2. കരിംജീരകം വെളിച്ചെണ്ണയില്‍ കാച്ചി ഉപയോഗിക്കുക.
3. താന്നിക്കയുടെ കുരു അരച്ചു വെളിച്ചെണ്ണയില്‍ കാച്ചി ഉപയോഗിക്കുക.



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